How To Master Paraphrasing: Practical Guide

What is Paraphrasing?


A paraphrase is a restatement of another author's ideas in your own words, without altering the meaning or removing any material from the original work. Despite the fact that you are re-­presenting the writer's thoughts in your own terms, you must cite the original sources.

It's vital to remember that a paraphrase is different from a simple synonym substitution or re-arrangement of the original paragraph. Paraphrasing is a talent that requires time and effort to master since it incorporates several different strategies.



When to Paraphrase?

• To bring attention to unique concepts.

• To shift the focus of information so that it better aligns with your own ideas.

• To provide your article a distinct "voice" that isn't closely tied to any previous works that have been published.



Paraphrasing is not summarizing

A summary, in contrast, is a description of the main ideas of a work, and hence it is shorter than the original text. It is possible to summarize a whole book in a few paragraphs, for example, or a journal paper in a few sentences. To summarize something - like a course or an article – is to compress it down to the ‘bare bones’.

How to Paraphrase?

You'll be well on your way to being a paraphrasing expert if you practice often while adhering to the five steps to paraphrasing that are detailed here, as well as some of the paraphrasing tips that are provided.


5 Steps To Paraphrasing

1. Make sure you completely comprehend what you're reading before moving on.

2. Take some notes and list key terms.

3. Rewrite your own version of the text without reading the original source.

4. Make modifications to any phrases that are too close to the original text when comparing your paraphrase to the original.

5. Cite the original source.


Paraphrasing Tips

• Begin your sentence in a different manner from where it was originally written.

• Use a thesaurus to find synonyms and related terms.

• Include introduction phrases to introduce information and show your position.

• Change the structure of the sentences (passive vs active voice.)

• Break up lengthy sentences so that they are shorter or combine several shorter sentences into a longer ones.

• Changing positive statements to negative statements and vice versa

• Changing the words and word order

• Leaving out unnecessary words and information


Examples of Paraphrasing


Sentence 1:

The challenge for you as a student nurse is to move beyond mastering the skills of data collection to develop your confidence in analyzing and interpreting findings, identifying and clustering abnormal data and determining nursing priorities.


Paraphrasing Of The First Sentence

1. For you, as a student nurse, it is imperative that you improve your ability to analyze and interpret findings, identify and cluster anomalous data, and determine nursing priorities.

2. In order to be successful as a student nurse, you must be able to analyze and interpret results, detect and cluster anomalous data, as well as determine nursing priorities.

3. Student nurses have the difficulty of moving beyond learning the basics of data collection to become confident in assessing and interpreting findings, spotting errors, and prioritizing nursing care.

4. As a student nurse, the goal for you is to go beyond learning the basics of data collection and increase your confidence in evaluating and interpreting findings, recognizing and grouping inaccurate data, and deciding which nursing goals should be prioritized.

5. The goal for you as a student nurse is to progress beyond learning the basics of data collection and increase your confidence in evaluating and interpreting findings, recognizing and grouping anomalies in data, and deciding which nursing priorities are most important to address.

6. As a student nurse, you must go beyond data collection to analyze and interpret findings, detect and cluster errors, and determine nursing priorities.

7. As a student nurse, you need to go beyond data gathering to evaluate and assess findings, identify and categorize outliers, and set nursing priorities.

8. The challenge for you as a student nurse is to improve your confidence in assessing and interpreting findings, recognizing and grouping abnormal data, and deciding nursing priorities beyond learning data gathering abilities.


Sentence 2:

Incorporating others' ideas into academic writing is part of what makes it different from other writing; for this reason, specific ways of citing sources have been established to help readers to know where ideas have come from and how to locate original texts


Paraphrasing Of The Second Sentence

1. Academic writing differs from regular writing in that it incorporates other people's ideas; as a result, particular methods of referencing sources have been devised to assist readers understand where ideas come from and where original texts may be found.

2. Academic writing incorporates others' ideas, therefore certain citation styles have been devised to assist readers know where ideas came from and how to find original documents.

3. Incorporating others' ideas into academic writing is part of what sets it apart; referencing sources helps readers know where ideas came from and how to find original documents.

4. Because academic writing is differentiated from other types of writing in part by the incorporation of the ideas of others, specific methods of citing sources have been developed to assist readers in determining the origin of various ideas and the best way to locate the texts on which those ideas are based.

5. Academic writing relies heavily on the incorporation of other people's ideas, which necessitates the use of specialized citation methods to assist readers understand where ideas originate from and where they may be found.

6. Academic writing is defined by its incorporation of other people's ideas, which is why special citation methods have been devised to assist readers understand where ideas come from and how to locate original works.

7. Academic writing is different from other kinds of writing in part because it uses the ideas of other people. Because of this, specific ways of citing sources have been set up to help readers know where ideas came from and how to find the original texts.

8. Incorporating the ideas of others is part of what distinguishes academic writing from other types of writing; for this reason, particular methods of acknowledging sources have been devised to assist readers in determining where ideas originated and how to access the original texts.



Remember


Mastering the art of paraphrasing will help you improve your writing. You could be asking yourself, "If paraphrasing takes up so much time, why do we need to do it?" Correct paraphrasing reduces the number of times you use direct quotations, ensures that your tone is maintained throughout your work, demonstrates to the reader that you are knowledgeable with the material you are discussing, and most significantly avoiding plagiarism.


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